Commercial Mortgage Crisis Continues
The commercial real estate (CRE) market peaked in 2007, and has been in a prolonged process of collapse ever since. This is true for asset valuations across CRE property types, equity risk premiums, and mortgage issuance. In a continuation of the CRE saga, Bank of America announced that over half of commercial mortgages have been unable to refinance as notes reach maturity.
Nearly $1.24 trillion of commercial mortgages need to be refinanced over the next four years. With so much debt outstanding and in need of refinancing, the BofA announcement makes a bad situation far worse.
Between 50 percent and 60 percent of loans on skyscrapers, hotels, shopping malls and apartment complexes failed to refinance within a few months of their maturity date this year, Bank of America Merrill Lynch analysts said in a report.
As a comparison of present conditions to what went on during the boom years, we should note that a record of $251.1 billion in bonds tied to commercial mortgages were issued in 2007 compared to $1.7 billion issued so far in 2010.
Commercial real estate firms are increasingly desperate. According to Thomson Reuters there are at least 12 CRE firms planning to sell equity in IPOs over the next year. Given that equity sales earlier this year have either completely failed to materialize, or have been executed at deep discounts, it is not likely that CRE firms will be able to re-capitalize properties that have decreasingly profitable operating margins.
Without a big government bailout, the 41 percent CRE decline since 2007 might just be the start of something much worse.